Salient features of Legal Aid
(a) The legal aid means providing an arrangement in the society so that the missionary of administration of justice becomes easily accessible and is not of reach of those who have to resort to it for enforcement of their rights given to them by law . (b) For a wide range of litigants with special needs, for instance, persons in custody, children, women, complainants under the SC/ST Act, workmen, legal aid is automatically available for filing or defending a case irrespective of the economic status of that person. (c) Under the legal aid schemes, an extensive network of legal aid committees exists at the TALUK, District and State levels. In addition, every High Court and the supreme Court has its own legal services committees . (d) Legal aid strives to ensure that constitutional pledge is fulfilled in its letter and sprits and equal Justice is made available to the poor, downtrodden and weaker section of the society. (e) The legal aid movement envisages a system where economically and socially disadvantaged group are assured of easy access to courts and other government agencies for grievance redressal. (f) The new rationale for legal aid emerged where law was slowly begun to be regard as the instrument through which socio-economic inequalities could be lessened and through affirmative action, some amount of ' advantage' was being assured to disadvantaged group in fields of employment and education.
Criteria for giving legal services.- Every person who has to file or defend a case shall be entitled to legal services under this Act if that person, is - (a) a member of a Scheduled Caste or Schedule Tribe; (b) a victim of trafficking in human beings or bagger as referred to in Article 23 of the Constitution; (c) a woman or a child (d) a person with disability as defined in clause (I) of section 2 of the persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, protection of Rights and Full participation) Act. 1995 (1 of 1996); (e) a person under circumstances of undeserved want such as being a victim of a mass disaster, ethnic violence, caste atrocity, flood, drought, earthquake or industrial disaster; or (f) an industrial workman; or (g) in custody, including custody in a protective home within the meaning of clause (g) of section 2 of the Immoral Traffic (prevention) Act. 1956 (104 of 1986) of in a juvenile home within the meaning of clause (j) of section 2 of the juvenile justice Act, 1986(53 of 1986) or in a psychiatric hospital of psychiatric nursing home within the meaning of clause (g) of section 2 of the Mental Health Act, 1987 (14of 1987); or any other person whose annual income less than rupees 1 lac.